SAPHIR Pillar D, WP1 and WP15 Leader
Jonathan Rushton is the WP1 and Pillar D Leader in SAPHIR Project. WP1 is mainly working on the economic analysis of the SAPHIR diseases and their existing control measures, including vaccination. Pillar D covers the strategies to translate SAPHIR research into the market and into the field.
He is an agricultural economist who specialises in the economics of animal health and livestock production and food systems – interests that grew from living and working on the family dairy farm.
He is currently involved in global research on One Health and food systems, and has 25 years of international experience of livestock production and the control of animal diseases in South America, Africa and Asia. His principal research interests include disease impact assessment, the use of food systems analysis to understand One Health problems and the economic analysis of health interventions.
Jonathan was the professor in animal health economics at the Royal Veterinary College, held the Norbrook endowed chair on veterinary business management, and was a founding member of the Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health. In October 2016 he joined the Institute of Infection and Global Health at the University of Liverpool to take the N8 professorship in the Economics of Animal Health and Food Systems. He will be a part of the N8 project (http://www.n8research.org.uk) and continue to research safe and sustainable food systems. He is also adjunct Professor in the School of Behavioural, Cognitive & Social Sciences of the University of New England, Australia.
SAPHIR WP3 Leader
Hans Nauwynck is the WP3 Leader in SAPHIR Project. WP3 is mainly working on the development of novel adaptable attenuated PRRSV marker vaccines.
He is Doctor in Veterinary Medicine who did his PhD and became directly nominated as professor at Ghent University in 1993. In 2004, he took the lead of the Laboratory of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University and became Diplomate at the European College of Pig Health Management.
At present, he lectures several courses on viral diseases in mammals, fish and shellfish. His research focuses on cellular and molecular pathogenesis of viral diseases in man and animals, with special emphasis on (i) the entry of the virus in its host cell, (ii) the invasion of the virus in its host through barriers, via monocytes and along neurons and (iii) the escape of the virus from immunity. Better insights lead to research-driven development of new generation treatments and vaccines.
In the Saphir project, he is responsible for the development of new porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus vaccines. The ultimate goal is to obtain a DIVA system (marker vaccine and differentiating ELISA).
Isabelle Schwartz-Cornil, the SAPHIR coordinator, is working at the National Institute for Agriculture Research (INRA) in France. She is head of the “Vaccine, Viruses and Immunopathology” team in the Molecular Virology and Immunology department at INRA in Jouy-en-Josas, near Paris.
She was trained as a veterinarian (1982-1986) and she first developed a research expertise in cancer research (1986-1991) and in the physiopathology of Bovine Leukemia Virus infection (1991-1999).
In the last 17 years, she developed an expertise in the molecular and functional characterization of mononuclear phagocyte subsets in sheep and pigs, at homeostasis and during viral infections.
She has recently developed several vaccine strategies based on dendritic cell targeting for the control of viral infections including against Bluetongue Virus, Influenza, Rift Valley Fever Virus and Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Virus. She has published more than 100 papers cited in WOS.
Her expectations from SAPHIR are that improved vaccine strategies reach the field and also that fruitful research exchanges in a dynamic and friendly consortium foster the emergence of new knowledge and ideas to improve animal health with immunity.
Aurélie Brehmer is a consultant in the European projects department of INRA Transfert, INRA subsidiary.
She manages European projects (FP7, H2020) and is actively involved in the set-up of new proposals to answer to the EC calls (H2020 work-programmes).
Trained in France as an agronomic engineer, she also holds a Master of Business Administration from the IAE Nancy.
She is involved in SAPHIR as the project manager and supports the coordinator in the financial, legal and administrative tasks.
SAPHIR Pillar A and WP2 Leader
Gareth Enticott is the WP2 and Pillar A Leader in SAPHIR Project. WP2 is mainly working on the identification of the sociological pathways for SAPHIR diseases. Pillar A covers the socio-economic context analysis of the SAPHIR diseases and their control measures.
He is a Reader in Human Geography in the School of Geography and Planning at Cardiff University. He trained in human geography at Swansea University (1990-1993) before completing an MSc (1993-1995) and PhD (1995-2000) at Cardiff University. His research has focused on the social aspects of animal disease management, particularly the management of bovine tuberculosis in the UK and New Zealand.
In the last 15 years, his work has described the social factors that influence how farmers understand animal disease and how these understandings affect the adoption of new biosecurity and animal health practices. This has included evaluating veterinary interventions designed to improve on-farm biosecurity. His work has also examined how veterinarian’s animal health practices are shaped by institutional and cultural factors, and how these impact upon disease surveillance. Recently, his work has examined the history of the management of bovine Tuberculosis in New Zealand, and the development of risk based trading. He has written in leading social science and human geography journals on biosecurity, and advised governments on biosecurity campaigns.
His expectations from SAPHIR are to help embed sociological perspectives into research on animal disease management and further refine understandings of farmer behaviour.
SAPHIR WP4 Leader
Dominiek Maes is the WP4 Leader in SAPHIR Project. WP4 is mainly working on the development of a M. hyopneumoniae attenuated vaccine and improvement of bacterin vaccine.
He is head of the Unit of Porcine Health Management at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Ghent University Belgium. He graduated as a veterinarian from Ghent University in 1993, obtained a Master degree in Animal Production in 1995, a Master degree in Veterinary Epidemiology and Herd Health from Utrecht University (The Netherlands) in 1998, and a PhD on swine respiratory disease from Ghent University in 1998. He has worked as a post-doc at the University of Minnesota (US), became associate professor Swine Medicine at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Ghent University in 2003, and full professor in 2012.
His research group has performed many studies on Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and other respiratory pathogens in pigs in close collaboration with the laboratory of bacteriology of the same faculty. The work on Mycoplasma focusses mainly on the pathogenesis and transmission of the pathogen, differences between Mycoplasma strains, interaction of the pathogen with the animal host, treatment and control measures, with emphasis on vaccination.
He is leader of the porcine team of International Research Programme on Comparative Mycoplasmology (IRPCM), the permanent standing committee of the International Organization for Mycoplasmology (IOM). He has published over 260 papers in international peer-reviewed journals, from which over 50 on swine Mycoplasmas. He has supervised 29 completed PhDs and performed more than 450 presentations during international conferences. He is currently also president of the European Board of Veterinary Specialisation.
Marie-Hélène Pinard -
van der Laan
Dr MH Pinard-van der Laan, the SAPHIR deputy-coordinator, is a senior scientist in the Animal Genetics Division at the French National Agronomic Research Institute (INRA) in Jouy-en-Josas. She leads research in immunogenetics and genetics of disease resistance.
Trained in France as an agronomic engineer, she performed her Ph.D (1992) at the Wageningen University (NL). Her research interests focus on animal disease genomics with a special interest in host-pathogen interactions in poultry, for example Eimeria causing coccidiosis.
Relevant questions in animal disease genomics are;
1- to decipher the genetics of the host response to a pathogen, but also,
2- to study and exploit the individual genetic variability of the host response to vaccines, and ultimately
3-identify genetic- and bio-markers of immunocompetence which can be predictive of a better response of the host to pathogen and vaccine.
The goal is to integrate as a synergy all possible means to combat diseases by developing integrated animal health management strategies. This needs to bring together animal health, vaccinology, animal genetics, genomics, bioinformatics… and facilitate collaborations to develop innovative projects at national but more and more at European level! These are her main scientific expectation and motivation in SAPHIR!
Miriam van Straten
SAPHIR Pillar E and WP 17 Leader
Miriam van Straten is Project Manager at the European Forum of Farm Animal Breeders (EFFAB), based in Wageningen, The Netherlands.
She studied Animal Breeding and Genetics at Wageningen University with a minor in Communication and Innovation Studies. It is this combination that she brings to practice in the role of Project Manager, mostly involved in knowledge transfer to industry stakeholders and dissemination of project results for several EU funded projects.
In SAPHIR, she is the leader of Pillar E (Outreach, training and dissemination). As a ‘system thinker’, she finds the interdisciplinary approach very interesting in the SAPHIR project, combining knowledge from several fields to come to an integrated approach to tackle endemic diseases in pigs, poultry and ruminants.
As in other projects, the dissemination of project outcomes to targeted audiences is an important part of SAPHIR. Getting researchers to really think about what their findings mean for industry, farmers and society is a challenge she likes to take on. She really enjoys interacting with people within EU projects, since the different nationalities and different fields of expertise can lead to surprising and inspiring conversations and insights.