SAPHIR News & Events
WP17 - Young Scientist Programme
The SAPHIR project finds it very important for young scientist to have the opportunity to do disseminate their results and we also know this can be very costly.
The programme has funds to support a number of SAPHIR young scientists financially to attend conferences for the dissemination of their SAPHIR results.
The application form was sent to all the partners in July 2016. A selection committee (ExCom) chaired by INRA and EFFAB selected 4 applicants based on their CV, the targeted conference, the scientific excellence of their abstract for the SAPHIR work presentation and the impact their presentation will have for the SAPHIR project. In return, a small article on the highlights of the conference for the SAPHIR newsletter is expected.
The next selections will take place in April and November 2017 for a total of 9 additional candidates.
WP2 - Sociological approach to understanding livestock producers’ practices and attitudes
Work package 2 in SAPHIR takes a sociological approach to understanding livestock producers’ practices and attitudes towards the control measures of infectious diseases. Specifically, the research is attempting to understand why is it that some farmers use vaccines and others not, and more broadly, what are the factors shaping farmers’ animal health practices?
There is a growing understanding that farmers’ animal health practices are shaped by a range of different social and economic factors. Whilst it might be easy to think that all decisions are economic, the range of different practices that farmers may adopt suggests that other social preferences may be at play. Other research of farmer behaviour suggests that social norms and social identity may play an important role. For example, the idea of what counts as ‘good farming’ or a ‘good farmer’ can both guide farmers towards certain practices, and prevent them from taking up others. How these ideas of ‘good farming’ interact with animal health practices, and the factors associated with transitions between different animal health strategies (e.g. from not vaccinating to vaccinating) are a key focus for this WP.
The WP is led by Dr Gareth Enticott at Cardiff University with assistance from Dr Ray Chan. The research is being conducted in the UK, Finland, Spain, Ireland, France and China. The biographical narrative interview method has been adopted to explore farmers histories of managing herd health for all sectors involved in the SAPHIR project. Whilst the research data will help test the significance of ‘good farming’ in animal disease control, the findings will also inform WP15 and provide insight on farming practices to assist in the suitable development of vaccine strategies by biologists leading to improve vaccine use on farms.
Further information on the work package can be obtained from Dr Gareth Enticott at Cardiff University – email@example.com.
New Vaccines Are Essential to Fighting Antimicrobial Resistance
Following a landmark UN meeting, the role vaccine development can play in addressing the threat of AMR must not be neglected. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), where the ability of a drug to treat an infection is compromised, reached the highest political level last week with the convening of a UN General Assembly meeting dedicated to the threat. With estimates of 700,000 deaths occurring each year due to drug-resistant infections and the World Bank projecting that if left unchecked, the problem could cause annual global GDP to fall between 1.1% and 3.8% before 2050, all member states adopted a political declaration that outlined commitment to a broad range of interventions.
Read more at Chatham House
SAPHIR Project at AIRG 2016
Sungwon Kim and Lonneke Vervelde from SAPHIR partner the Roslin Institute presented the SAPHIR Project poster and their research in scope of SAPHIR project at the Avian Immunology Research Group (AIRG) meeting in Herrsching am See, Germany.
The research aims to improve vaccine adjuvants for chickens by targeted simulation of antigen presenting cells with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands.
SAPHIR WP2 - Identification of the sociological pathways for SAPHIR diseases
The objective of WP2 is to develop a sociological pathway to understand farmers’ vaccination behaviours. There are two deliverables which have been achieved: Theoretical framework and a practical story-based methodology.
Firstly, a theoretical framework has been developed to examine how socio-cultural aspects of farming such as notions of ‘good farming’ combine with different contextual triggering mechanisms that lead farmers to adopt vaccines as part of their herd health management practices. The concept of ‘good farming’ and the ‘good farmer’ has been seen to be influential in guiding farmers’ decisions in other aspects of agriculture. The analysis will aim to see how important it is for vaccination.
Secondly, a practical story-based methodology to examine farmers’ lived experiences and personal histories of animal disease management and vaccine use has been developed. This approach has been adopted to understand how cattle farmers’ life stories, lived situation, style of farming and personal experience influence their practices of vaccination and decision-making. The methodology is being piloted in March and fieldwork will commence in April.
SAPHIR WP7 - Progress on Development of DIVA BRSV Vaccines
The goal of WP7 is to;
WP7 is in the process of testing a single shot subunit vaccine based on the BRSV fusion protein , alone or in combination with the BRSV nucleoprotein nanorings. WP7 have also initiated a longitudinal, 2-year monitoring of BRSV-specific immunity in animals of different age categories following an outbreak.
The development and evaluation of a companion DIVA test based on the detection of BRSV SH specific antibodies is ongoing.
SAPHIR WP11 - Latest DMN Developments
As an alternative to conventional needle and syringe delivery of vaccines, this project involves the development of a novel DNA vaccine-loaded dissolving microneedle patch (Figure 1).
These patches comprise multiple micro-protrusions, 0.5 mm in length, which, when inserted into the skin, dissolve rapidly and release the vaccine to the immune cells.
These patches are being used to deliver veterinary DNA vaccines to pigs, which aim to induce immunity and protection against the disease. Our aim is that in the future, livestock owners can vaccinate their animals using a simple approach of applying a patch to the skin, rather than using a needle and syringe. Also, we are examining how stable these vaccines in patches are outside of cold storage.
Institut Pasteur Vaccinology course
10th edition of the Institut Pasteur Vaccinology Course will take place from 27 February - 9 March, and 24 to 27 March 2017. This course is dedicated to candidates with a medical or scientific training background who are interested in all aspects of vaccinology. Registration before Ocober, 27, 2016. Read more
European Master of Vaccinology
In 2016 an innovative European Master in Vaccinology entitled “Leading International Vaccinology Education” (LIVE) will start. Read more
10th Symposium of Vaccinology
The Vaccinology Club of the French Society for Immunology is organising the 10th Symposium of Vaccinology on March 20-21, 2017 in Lyon, France. Read more
UK Veterinary Vaccinology Network Conference 2017
Veterinary Vaccinology Network Conference 2017 will be held on 16-17 January 2017 in Belfast, UK. Read more
SAPHIR WP17 - Integrated Animal Health Management website is now online
The first page of Integrated Health Management Strategies is now online at SAPHIR Website. It provides an overall view of the whole understanding which lies underneath the SAPHIR project;
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!
INTEGRATING DIFFERENT PREVENTING & CONTROL MEASURES IS EVEN BETTER!
Read more about Integrated Health Management Strategies.
SAPHIR kick-off meeting
At May 11-13th 2015, the SAPHIR kick-off meeting took place in Jouy-en-Josas, France.
Delegates from the 21 different partners engaged in the SAPHIR project met each other and discussed the various goals set for this project.